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What nanomachines promise for the humanity

Published in Nanomachines Development.

Nanomachines, also known as molecular machines or nanites, are molecular robots not larger than a strand of human hair. They can be programmed to carry out tasks in biological systems. Biologists frequently use these molecular machines to perform DNA replication and ATP synthesis tasks. Nanorobotics is one of the most promising emerging fields. The continuous investments in this area resulted in the development of even smaller and more capable nanites, actively used for life-saving and enhancing tasks.

Table of Contents
What is a nanomachine?
How do nanobots work?
–Types of nanites
Nanomachines in health and medicine
–What is DNA origami?
Future of nanomachines

What is a nanomachine?

The smallest being virus-sized, nanomachines are orders of magnitude smaller than a human cell, which is usually measured in micrometers (one-millionth of a meter). Researchers and engineers have turned to natural biological technology for inspiration while developing nanorobots since most robotic construction techniques would be impossible at this scale. We already have billions of organic nanobots inside us all the time, powering the many functions of our cells. Ribosomes, for example, are organic versions of biological machines at the nanoscale.

Nanites aren’t your typical mechanical robots. They are not constructed of metals or other materials that spring to mind when you think about a robot. Instead, nanomachines are built from DNA or other biological materials that seamlessly interact with biologic environments in specific ways to accomplish certain results.